Understand your risk: disclosing information
Few things are dangerous like giving attacker detailed information about how your application works and how it can be subverted.
Your application uses error messages to talk to users let’s see the best strategies to save the day from unexpected access.
The architecture behind
Make smart decisions here. You have to choose great backend technologies you’re confident to work with. Choose the operating system you are trained to setup and customize, you can also ask some friend or even use some cloud computing services such as heroku to manage your backend.
The important bit here is that you do know the technology, so you can make strategic decision based upon something you know.
Don’t choose Ruby on Rails because it’s cool in the startup world in the Valley, choose it because you like Ruby syntax, you are trained to test your code and you love it like MVC framework.
Configuring your applciation server here is crucial. It’s not a matter of hiding the server or the version, it’s about harden your installation and lock it down.
Consider this blog. It runs on a nginx v1.0.14 on a ubuntu linux installation over linode.
Disclosing all those information doesn’t scare me at all. I’m confident in managing my installations instead of trying to hide details from banners.
Make a strong API is the best shield you can have
It’s true, there’s nothing like having a bullet proof rock solid API driving your backend to give you a strong feeling about your applicatin won’t be easily compromised by an attacker.
Some rules when you think an API:
- use REST and CRUD
- think that people will abuse it. If you create a 30 characters length field in your database, double check the size the user submit. First attempt an attacker could make is to see how your code behaves when triggered with more data than expected
give detailed error messages only to developers for fixing, not to regular users.
Consider the following example. Github gives you a laconic error message that says that nor the login name nor the password is correct and so you can’t login. This is very important to avoid attackers to try to brute force a password after guessing the username is correct.
A bad written code gives you detail about what’s went wrong. Messages like “Username unknown” or “Mispelled password” give an information to an attacker that something she inputs were correct and therefore she can try a bruteforce attack against passwords.
It’s better not to hide yourself to achieve security, but not exposing too much information is also good.
- manage errors and exception in a good way. You must see the exception the code you use can raise and catch them to make sure to control also unexpected situations.
Don’t trust on SSL
There is a category of project managers or even software developers that says: “I use SSL so my website is secure, I don’t need more effort to spend”
Those people are lying to themselves. SSL protects the communication channel and data from integrity and repudiation. SSL has nothing to do with safe coding and disclosing error trace.
Keep this in mind when you put online your code.